- September 23, 2021
- Posted by: Nicholas Fitch
It was known that Punjab was a toolbox and that its division would almost certainly make the situation worse. One of the ways to control things was to announce division before independence and thus give a warning if someone wanted to migrate. So we have Evan Jenkins, the governor of Punjab, writing frantic letters to Mountbatten to get the Boundary Award published before August 15. Faced with this emergency, Sir Cyril Radcliffe, who was working in record time, had effectively completed the border by 9 August. It`s shocking that Mountbatten refused to release the award until August 17. On the morning of August 15, when the Punjabis ceased to be the subjects of the Raj, they did not know, surreally, whether they were citizens of India or Pakistan. The reason for this delay was to ensure that the British did not have to take responsibility for the Punjab Holocaust, since the murders would take place after the Raj had ceased to exist. In a report to the Indian Secretary of State on August 16, Mountbatten wrote: “. it was obvious all the time that later we postponed the publication [of the Punjab limit price], the less the inevitable Odium would react to the British.” As expected, this criminal delay has contributed to a sharp increase in panic in Punjab, especially since all minority population transfers should now take place under “hostile” governments and not under the Raj, which has been considered largely neutral. When the borders were finally announced, Punjab simply exploded into violence. The Ensing Raula was unprecedented and saw both halves of the province emptied of their minorities.3 Pakistan has changed its independence date to August 14 Even though Pakistan celebrates its Independence Day on August 14, the day it gained freedom is technically the same as India.
The Independence of India Act is quite clear when it states that “from the fifteenth day of August, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, two independent dominions shall be established in India, each known as India and Pakistan.” In fact, the first stamps printed by Pakistan were “August 15, 1947” as the date of independence. However, in Pakistan, this date was changed to 14 August 1948. Some believe this is because Mountbatten took place on August 14, 1947 conveyed the king`s independence message to Karachi. Others postulate that it is because August 14, 1948 was extremely sacred in Islam (it was the 27th day of Ramzan). Or maybe Pakistan only wanted to be a day ahead of India. Whatever the reason, this led to an incongruous situation where twins had different dates of birth.4. India did not reach Purna Swaraj until 1950The iconography of the Congress occupies a special place in the Purna Swaraj resolution of 1930. It was the first time that the party declared total independence as its goal and moved away from the status of domination. So it`s a bit ironic that India, when it finally gained freedom on August 15, 1947, became a dominion: a constitutional monarchy with King George VI (as “King of India”) as head of state in the same form as Australia or Canada today. However, unlike these two countries, India abolished the monarchy and became a republic on January 26, 1950.
Pakistan remained a right of domination until 1956. When Elizabeth II was sworn in in 1953, one of her titles was “Queen of Pakistan”.5 Independence Day inexplicably saw a flood of affection for our departing colonizersMasses rushed to Delhi on August 15 for ceremonies related to the handover of power. People applauded Gandhi and Nehru, as might be expected, but also enigmatically prelude. This was described by the Indian Army magazine, Fauji Akhbar, in his report on the day`s events: “On two occasions, the Governor-General was celebrated as he was riding on his state bus, as no other Governor-General of India was welcomed into a living memory.