- September 13, 2021
- Posted by: Nicholas Fitch
WITH RESPECT TO COMMON CONCERNS AND OBJECTIVES REGARDING THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND THEIR MEANS OF DELIVERY, including possible links with terrorism, and REAFFIRM THAT INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN THE PEACEFUL USES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY SHOULD BE CONSISTENT WITH THESE OBJECTIVES, Section 123 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act generally requires the conclusion of a peaceful nuclear cooperation agreement for a significant transfer of e Nuclear material, equipment or components from the United States to another nation. In addition, these agreements, commonly referred to as the “123 agreements”, facilitate cooperation in other areas such as technical exchanges, scientific research and security discussions. In conjunction with other non-proliferation instruments, including the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), 123 agreements contribute to advancing U.S. non-proliferation principles. They create the legal framework for important nuclear cooperation with other countries. For a country to enter into a 123-year agreement with the United States, that country must comply with the non-proliferation standards set out in Agreement 123. The U.S. Department of State is responsible for negotiating 123 agreements, with technical assistance and agreement from DOE/NNSA and in agreement with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The Government of the United States gladly accepts the Government of Canada`s proposal, as indicated in this letter, and accepts that your letter, together with this response, constitutes an agreement between our two governments that will come into force on that date.
I refer to your letter of August 22, 1988 concerning the delegation provisions of the Agreement for Cooperation in the Civil Uses of Atomic Energy between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada as amended (hereinafter referred to as “the Agreement”) and the return of certain nuclear material and equipment held in Canada. Supplementary arrangements to consolidate the various implementing documents relating to the peaceful use of Canadian nuclear weapons. News Release: Canada Signs Memorandum of Understanding on Nuclear Information and Training Exchange with Israel at the 55th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency As of March 28, 2019, the United States signed 23 such agreements governing peaceful nuclear cooperation with 48 countries, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and government authorities in Taiwan (through the American Institute of Taiwan). as described below….